Q: How much of the universe’s mass is currently in black holes?
Blackholes fall into two basic categories: stellar mass blackholes which have a mass of 3 to 30 Suns (give or take), and super-massive blackholes which usually have masses of more than 100,000 Suns. Even in our own galaxy it’s essentially impossible to determine whether or not stellar mass blackholes are present. I mean… they’re black, and they’re not heavy enough to throw around the nearby stars. However, the supermassive blackholes do throw nearby stars around. And that star-chucking property has allowed us to find that they have a mass of roughly 0.1% of the “bulge-mass” of the galaxies they sit in (the bulge is just the part of a galaxy that isn’t a disk). So if I had to make a flying guestimate, I’d say that somewhere around 0.2% of the mass of any given galaxy is tied up in blackholes.
Q: Is there a graph of the number of black holes created since the big bang?
Probably. Blackholes form from large stars, and large stars tend to have short lifetimes (a mere several million years). So there should be a pretty sharp correlation between star formation rates and blackhole formation rates. However, star formation rates are also notoriously difficult to measure.
Q: When was the first black hole created and when will the last one be?
“Primordial Blackholes“, if they exist, would have formed almost instantly after the big bang. If the Big Rip happens, then you can expect the last blackholes to form 50 million years before the end of the universe (give or take). Otherwise, there’s no telling.
Q: How old will the universe be when black holes start to evaporate, if they even do?
Primordial blackholes should be popping right now. The lightest stellar-mass blackholes (3 suns) won’t start evaporating until after the universe has cooled to below their Hawking temperature, which should be in about 13 billion years, when the universe is twice as old. However, one age-of-the-universe is chump change compared to the 1069 years (about 10 billion trillion trillion trillion trillion times the age of the universe) it will take for the first stellar-mass blackholes to completely evaporate.
Q: Could all black holes evaporate away in a expanding cooling universe?
Q: What happens to the universe if all the back holes evaporate away?
No more blackholes?